Category Archives: Spain ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ

University and Historic Precinct of Alcalรก de Henares

Founded by Cardinal Jimรฉnez de Cisneros in the early 16th century, Alcalรก de Henares was the world’s first planned university city. It was the original model for the Civitas Dei (City of God), the ideal urban community which Spanish missionaries brought to the Americas. It also served as a model for universities in Europe and elsewhere.

Since 1998 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Jordi for the postcard.

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Pyrรฉnรฉes – Mont Perdu

This outstanding mountain landscape, which spans the contemporary national borders of France and Spain, is centred around the peak of Mount Perdu, a calcareous massif that rises to 3,352 m. The site, with a total area of 30,639 ha, includes two of Europe’s largest and deepest canyons on the Spanish side and three major cirque walls on the more abrupt northern slopes with France, classic presentations of these geological landforms. The site is also a pastoral landscape reflecting an agricultural way of life that was once widespread in the upland regions of Europe but now survives only in this part of the Pyrรฉnรฉes. Thus it provides exceptional insights into past European society through its landscape of villages, farms, fields, upland pastures and mountain roads.

Since 1997 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Jordi for the postcard.

Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boรญ

The narrow Vall de Boรญ is situated in the high Pyrรฉnรฉes, in the Alta Ribagorรงa region and is surrounded by steep mountains. Each village in the valley contains a Romanesque church, and is surrounded by a pattern of enclosed fields. There are extensive seasonally-used grazing lands on the higher slopes.

Since 2000 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Josep and Assumpta for the postcard.

Thanks to Jordi for the postcards.

Antequera Dolmens Site

Located at the heart of Andalusia in southern Spain, the site comprises three megalithic monuments: the Menga and Viera dolmens and the Tholos of El Romeral, and two natural monuments: Laย Peรฑa de los Enamorados and El Torcal mountainous formations, which are landmarks within the property. Built during the Neolithic and Bronze Age out of large stone blocks, these monuments form chambers with lintelled roofs or false cupolas. These three tombs, buried beneath their original earth tumuli, are one of the most remarkable architectural works of European prehistory and one of the most important examples of European Megalithism.

Since 2016 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Iรฑigo for the postcard.

spagna - antequera

Royal Monastery of Santa Marรญa de Guadalupe

The monastery is an outstanding repository of four centuries of Spanish religious architecture. It symbolizes two significant events in world history that occurred in 1492: the Reconquest of the Iberian peninsula by the Catholic Kings and Christopher Columbus’ arrival in the Americas. Its famous statue of the Virgin became a powerful symbol of the Christianization of much of the New World.

Since 1993 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Belen for the postcard.

spagna - guadalupe

Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana

The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. Millennia of agriculture in an environment with scarce resources has transformed the terrain and displays an articulated network of devices for the management of water revolving around farming units of feudal origins. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works – including water mills – as well as dry stone constructions and farms.

Since 2011 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Edgar for the postcard.

ย spagna - serra tramuntana

Historic Walled Town of Cuenca

Built by the Moors in a defensive position at the heart of the Caliphate of Cordoba, Cuenca is an unusually well-preserved medieval fortified city. Conquered by the Castilians in the 12th century, it became a royal town and bishopric endowed with important buildings, such as Spain’s first Gothic cathedral, and the famous casas colgadas (hanging houses), suspended from sheer cliffs overlooking the Huรฉcar river. Taking full advantage of its location, the city towers above the magnificent countryside.

Since 1996 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks toย Edgar for the postcard.

ย spagna - cuenca