Category Archives: Portugal ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น

Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores

Situated on one of the islands in the Azores archipelago, this was an obligatory port of call from the 15th century until the advent of the steamship in the 19th century. The 400-year-old San Sebastiรฃo and San Joรฃo Baptista fortifications are unique examples of military architecture. Damaged by an earthquake in 1980, Angra is now being restored.

Since 1983 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

portogallo - agra azorre

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Convent of Christ in Tomar

Originally designed as a monument symbolizing the Reconquest, the Convent of the Knights Templar of Tomar (transferred in 1344 to the Knights of the Order of Christ) came to symbolize just the opposite during the Manueline period โ€“ the opening up of Portugal to other civilizations.

Since 1983 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Sandra for the postcards.

portogallo - tomar 2

portogallo - tomar 1

Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications

The site, extensively fortified from the 17th to 19th centuries, represents the largest bulwarked dry-ditch system in the world. Within its walls, the town contains barracks and other military buildings as well as churches and monasteries. While Elvas contains remains dating back to the 10th century ad, its fortification began when Portugal regained independence in 1640. The fortifications designed by Dutch Jesuit padre Cosmander represent the best surviving example of the Dutch school of fortifications anywhere. The site also contains the Amoreira aqueduct, built to enable the stronghold to withstand lengthy sieges.

Since 2013 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Ana for the postcard.

portogallo - elvas

Monastery of Alcobaรงa

The Monastery of Santa Maria d’Alcobaรงa, north of Lisbon, was founded in the 12th century by King Alfonso I. Its size, the purity of its architectural style, the beauty of the materials and the care with which it was built make this a masterpiece of Cistercian Gothic art.

Since 1989 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Ana for the postcard.

portogallo - aldobaรงa

Cultural Landscape of Sintra

In the 19th century Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding serra , created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe.

Since 1995 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Sofia for the postcard.

portogallo - sintra

Historic Centre of ร‰vora

This museum-city, whose roots go back to Roman times, reached its golden age in the 15th century, when it became the residence of the Portuguese kings. Its unique quality stems from the whitewashed houses decorated with azulejos and wrought-iron balconies dating from the 16th to the 18th century. Its monuments had a profound influence on Portuguese architecture in Brazil.

Since 1986 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Sofia for the postcard.

portogallo - evora

University of Coimbra โ€“ Alta and Sofia

Situated on a hill overlooking the city, the University of Coimbra with its colleges grew and evolved over more than seven centuries within the old town. Notable university buildings include the 12thย century Cathedral of Santa Cruz and a number of 16thย century colleges,ย  the Royal Palace of Alcรกรงova, which has housed the University since 1537, the Joanine Library with its rich baroque decor, the 18thย century Botanical Garden and University Press, as well as the large โ€œUniversity Cityโ€ created during the 1940s. The Universityโ€™s edifices became a reference in the development of other institutions of higher education in the Portuguese-speaking world where it also exerted a major influence on learning and literature. Coimbra offers an outstanding example of an integrated university city with a specific urban typology as well as its own ceremonial and cultural traditions that have been kept alive through the ages.

Since 2013 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Sofia for the postcard.

portogallo - coimbra