Category Archives: Poland ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ

Old City of Zamoล›ฤ‡

Zamosc was founded in the 16th century by the chancellor Jan Zamoysky on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. Modelled on Italian theories of the ‘ideal city’ and built by the architect Bernando Morando, a native of Padua, Zamosc is a perfect example of a late-16th-century Renaissance town. It has retained its original layout and fortifications and a large number of buildings that combine Italian and central European architectural traditions.

Since 1992 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mary Ann for the postcard.

polonia - zamosc

Biaล‚owieลผa Forest

The Biaล‚owieลผa Forest World Heritage site, on the border between Poland and Belarus, is an immense range of primary forest including both conifers and broadleaved trees covering a total area of 141,885 hectares. Situated on the watershed of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea, this transboundary property is exceptional for the opportunities it offers for biodiversity conservation. It is home to the largest population of the propertyโ€™s iconic species, the European bison.

Since 1979 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Ania for the postcard.

polonia - bialow

Thanks to Maksim for the postcard.

bielorussia - forest2

Medieval Town of Toruล„

Torun owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which built a castle there in the mid-13th century as a base for the conquest and evangelization of Prussia. It soon developed a commercial role as part of the Hanseatic League. In the Old and New Town, the many imposing public and private buildings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them the house of Copernicus) are striking evidence of Torun’s importance.

Since 1997 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mary Ann for the postcard.

polonia - torun

Wooden Churches of Southern Maล‚opolska

The wooden churches of southern Little Poland represent outstanding examples of the different aspects of medieval church-building traditions in Roman Catholic culture. Built using the horizontal log technique, common in eastern and northern Europe since the Middle Ages, these churches were sponsored by noble families and became status symbols. They offered an alternative to the stone structures erected in urban centres.

Since 2003ย it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Boguslaw for the postcard.

polonia - wooden

Churches of Peace in Jawor and ลšwidnica

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and ลšwidnica, the largest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe, were built in the former Silesia in the mid-17th century, amid the religious strife that followed the Peace of Westphalia. Constrained by the physical and political conditions, the Churches of Peace bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom and are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology in an idiom generally associated with the Catholic Church.

Since 2001 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Boguslaw for the postcard.

polonia - church of peace

Centennial Hall in Wrocล‚aw

The Centennial Hall, a landmark in the history of reinforced concrete architecture, was erected in 1911-1913 by the architect Max Berg as a multi-purpose recreational building, situated in the Exhibition Grounds. In form it is a symmetrical quatrefoil with a vast circular central space that can seat some 6,000 persons. The 23m-high dome is topped with a lantern in steel and glass. The Centennial Hall is a pioneering work of modern engineering and architecture, which exhibits an important interchange of influences in the early 20th century, becoming a key reference in the later development of reinforced concrete structures.

Since 2006 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Boguslaw for the postcard.

polonia - wroclaw

Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines

The deposit of rock salt in Wieliczka and Bochnia has been mined since the 13thย century. This major industrial undertaking has royal status and is the oldest of its type in Europe. The site is a serial property consisting of Wieliczka and Bochnia salt mines and Wieliczka Saltworks Castle. The Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines illustrate the historic stages of the development of mining techniques in Europe from the 13thย to the 20thย centuries: both mines have hundreds of kilometers of galleries with works of art, underground chapels and statues sculpted in the salt, making a fascinating pilgrimage into the past. The mines were administratively and technically run by Wieliczka Saltworks Castle, which dates from the medieval period and has been rebuilt several times in the course of its history.

Since 1978 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Boguslaw for the postcard.

polonia - wieliczka