Category Archives: Peru ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช

Qhapaq ร‘an, Andean Road System

This site is an extensive Inca communication, trade and defence network of roads covering 30,000ย km. Constructed by the Incas over several centuries and partly based on pre-Inca infrastructure, this extraordinary network through one of the worldโ€™s most extreme geographical terrains linked the snow-capped peaks of the Andes โ€“ at an altitude of more than 6,000ย m โ€“ to the coast, running through hot rainforests, fertile valleys and absolute deserts. It reached its maximum expansion in the 15th century, when it spread across the length and breadth of the Andes. The Qhapac ร‘an, Andean Road System includes 273 component sites spread over more than 6,000ย km that were selected to highlight the social, political, architectural and engineering achievements of the network, along with its associated infrastructure for trade, accommodation and storage, as well as sites of religious significance.

Since 2014 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Paul for the postcard.

Advertisements

Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana

Located in the arid Peruvian coastal plain, some 400 km south of Lima, the geoglyphs of Nasca and the pampas of Jumana cover about 450 km2 . These lines, which were scratched on the surface of the ground between 500 B.C. and A.D. 500, are among archaeology’s greatest enigmas because of their quantity, nature, size and continuity. The geoglyphs depict living creatures, stylized plants and imaginary beings, as well as geometric figures several kilometres long. They are believed to have had ritual astronomical functions.

Since 1994 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - nazca

Historic Centre of Lima

Although severely damaged by earthquakes, this ‘City of the Kings’ was, until the middle of the 18th century, the capital and most important city of the Spanish dominions in South America. Many of its buildings, such as the Convent of San Francisco (the largest of its type in this part of the world), are the result of collaboration between local craftspeople and others from the Old World.

Since 1991 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - lima

Chan Chan Archaeological Zone

The Chimu Kingdom, with Chan Chan as its capital, reached its apogee in the 15th century, not long before falling to the Incas. The planning of this huge city, the largest in pre-Columbian America, reflects a strict political and social strategy, marked by the city’s division into nine ‘citadels’ or ‘palaces’ forming autonomous units.

Since 1986 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - chan chan

Huascarรกn National Park

Situated in the Cordillera Blanca, the world’s highest tropical mountain range, Mount Huascarรกn rises to 6,768 m above sea-level. The deep ravines watered by numerous torrents, the glacial lakes and the variety of the vegetation make it a site of spectacular beauty. It is the home of such species as the spectacled bear and the Andean condor.

Since 1985 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - huascaran

Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa

The historic centre of Arequipa, built in volcanic sillar rock, represents an integration of European and native building techniques and characteristics, expressed in the admirable work of colonial masters and Criollo and Indian masons. This combination of influences is illustrated by the city’s robust walls, archways and vaults, courtyards and open spaces, and the intricate Baroque decoration of its facades.

Since 2000 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - arequipa

Chavin (Archaeological Site)

The archaeological site of Chavin gave its name to the culture that developed between 1500 and 300 B.C. in this high valley of the Peruvian Andes. This former place of worship is one of the earliest and best-known pre-Columbian sites. Its appearance is striking, with the complex of terraces and squares, surrounded by structures of dressed stone, and the mainly zoomorphic ornamentation.

Since 1985 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Mery for the postcard.

peru - chavin