Category Archives: Mexico ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ

Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesรบs Nazareno de Atotonilco

The fortified town, first established in the 16th century to protect the Royal Route inland, reached its apogee in the 18th century when many of its outstanding religious and civic buildings were built in the style of the Mexican Baroque. Some of these buildings are masterpieces of the style that evolved in the transition from Baroque to neoclassical. Situated 14 km from the town, the Jesuit sanctuary, also dating from the 18th century, is one of the finest examples of Baroque art and architecture in the New Spain. It consists of a large church, and several smaller chapels, all decorated with oil paintings by Rodriguez Juรกrez and mural paintings by Miguel Antonio Martรญnez de Pocasangre. Because of its location, San Miguel de Allende acted as a melting pot where Spaniards, Creoles and Amerindians exchanged cultural influences while the Sanctuary of Jesรบs Nazareno de Atotonilco constitutes an exceptional example of the exchange between European and Latin American cultures. Its architecture and interior decoration testify to the influence of Saint Ignacio de Loyolaโ€™s doctrine.

Since 2008 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Marco for the postcard.

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Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan

The holy city of Teotihuacan (‘the place where the gods were created’) is situated some 50 km north-east of Mexico City. Built between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D., it is characterized by the vast size of its monuments โ€“ in particular, the Temple of Quetzalcoatl and the Pyramids of the Sun and the Moon, laid out on geometric and symbolic principles. As one of the most powerful cultural centres in Mesoamerica, Teotihuacan extended its cultural and artistic influence throughout the region, and even beyond.

Since 1987 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Martha for the postcard.

messico - teotihuacan

Hospicio Cabaรฑas, Guadalajara

The Hospicio Cabaรฑas was built at the beginning of the 19th century to provide care and shelter for the disadvantaged โ€“ orphans, old people, the handicapped and chronic invalids. This remarkable complex, which incorporates several unusual features designed specifically to meet the needs of its occupants, was unique for its time. It is also notable for the harmonious relationship between the open and built spaces, the simplicity of its design, and its size. In the early 20th century, the chapel was decorated with a superb series of murals, now considered some of the masterpieces of Mexican art. They are the work of Josรฉ Clemente Orozco, one of the greatest Mexican muralists of the period.

Since 1997 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

messico - guadalajara

Historic Centre of Puebla

Puebla, which was founded ex nihilo in 1531, is situated about 100 km east of Mexico City, at the foot of the Popocatepetl volcano. It has preserved its great religious structures such as the 16thโ€“17th-century cathedral and fine buildings like the old archbishop’s palace, as well as a host of houses with walls covered in tiles (azulejos). The new aesthetic concepts resulting from the fusion of European and American styles were adopted locally and are peculiar to the Baroque district of Puebla.

Since 1987 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

messico - puebla

Historic Centre of Zacatecas

Founded in 1546 after the discovery of a rich silver lode, Zacatecas reached the height of its prosperity in the 16th and 17th centuries. Built on the steep slopes of a narrow valley, the town has breathtaking views and there are many old buildings, both religious and civil. The cathedral, built between 1730 and 1760, dominates the centre of the town. It is notable for its harmonious design and the Baroque profusion of its faรงades, where European and indigenous decorative elements are found side by side.

Since 1993 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

messico - zacatecas

Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal

The Mayan town of Uxmal, in Yucatรกn, was founded c. A.D. 700 and had some 25,000 inhabitants. The layout of the buildings, which date from between 700 and 1000, reveals a knowledge of astronomy. The Pyramid of the Soothsayer, as the Spaniards called it, dominates the ceremonial centre, which has well-designed buildings decorated with a profusion of symbolic motifs and sculptures depicting Chaac, the god of rain. The ceremonial sites of Uxmal, Kabah, Labna and Sayil are considered the high points of Mayan art and architecture.

Since 1996 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Martha for the postcard.

messico - uxmal 2

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

messico - uxmal

Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

A prime example of a Mayan sanctuary of the classical period, Palenque was at its height between AD 500 and 700, when its influence extended throughout the basin of the Usumacinta River. The elegance and craftsmanship of the buildings, as well as the lightness of the sculpted reliefs with their Mayan mythological themes, attest to the creative genius of this civilization.

Since 1987 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Pieter for the postcard.

messico - palenque