Category Archives: France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท

The Climats, terroirs of Burgundy

The climates are precisely delimited vineyard parcels on the slopes of the Cรดte de Nuits and the Cรดte de Beaune south of the city of Dijon. They differ from one another due to specific natural conditions (geology and exposure) as well as vine types and have been shaped by human cultivation. Over time they came to be recognized by the wine they produce. This cultural landscape consists of two parts. Firstly, the vineyards and associated production units including villages and the town of Beaune, which together represent the commercial dimension of the production system. The second part includes the historic centre of Dijon, which embodies the political regulatory impetus that gave birth to the climatssystem. The site is an outstanding example of grape cultivation and wine production developed since the High Middle Ages.

Since 2015 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Catherine for the postcards.

francia - burgundy2 francia - burgundy1

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries and are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past. They were built over a period of a half-century, in the course of what Le Corbusier described as โ€œpatient researchโ€. The Complexe du Capitole in Chandigarh (India), the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo (Japan), the House of Dr Curutchet in La Plata (Argentina) and the Unitรฉ dโ€™habitation in Marseille (France) reflect the solutions that the Modern Movement sought to apply during the 20th century to the challenges of inventing new architectural techniques to respond to the needs of society. These masterpieces of creative genius also attest to the internationalization of architectural practice across the planet.

Since 2016 it is a Unesco site.

Thank to my mom for the postcard.

francia - corbusier

Thanks to Prashant for the postcard.

india - corbusier

Thanks to Sita for the postcard.

india - corbusier 2

Thanks to Svenja for the postcard.

germania - corbusier

Thanks to Bei for the postcard.

Episcopal City of Albi

On the banks of the Tarn river in south-west France, the old city of Albi reflects the culmination of a medieval architectural and urban ensemble. Today the Old Bridge (Pont-Vieux), the Saint-Salvi quarter and its church are testimony to its initial development (10th -11th centuries). Following the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathar heretics (13th century) it became a powerful episcopal city. Built in a unique southern French Gothic style from local brick in characteristic red and orange colours, the lofty fortified Cathedral (late 13th century) dominates the city, demonstrating the power regained by the Roman Catholic clergy. Alongside the Cathedral is the vast bishopโ€™s Palais de la Berbie, overlooking the river and surrounded by residential quarters that date back to the Middle Ages. The Episcopal City of Albi forms a coherent and homogeneous ensemble of monuments and quarters that has remained largely unchanged over the centuries.

Since 2010 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to my mom for the postcard.

francia - albi

Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin

Remarkable as a landscape shaped over three centuries of coal extraction from the 1700s to the 1900s, the site consists of 109 separate components over 120,000ย ha. It features mining pits (the oldest of which dates from 1850) and lift infrastructure, slag heaps (some of which cover 90ย ha and exceed 140ย m in height), coal transport infrastructure, railway stations, workersโ€™ estates and mining villages including social habitat, schools, religious buildings, health and community facilities, company premises, owners and managersโ€™ houses, town halls and more. The site bears testimony to the quest to create model workersโ€™ cities from the mid 19th century to the 1960s and further illustrates a significant period in the history of industrial Europe. It documents the living conditions of workers and the solidarity to which it gave rise.

Since 2012 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Christine for the postcard.

francia - nord pas de calais

From the Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, the Production of Open-pan Salt

The Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, near Besanรงon, was built by Claude Nicolas Ledoux. Its construction, begun in 1775 during the reign of Louis XVI, was the first major achievement of industrial architecture, reflecting the ideal of progress of the Enlightenment. The vast, semicircular complex was designed to permit a rational and hierarchical organization of work and was to have been followed by the building of an ideal city, a project that was never realized.

The Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains was active for at least 1200 years until stopping activity in 1962. From 1780 to 1895, its salt water travelled through 21 km of wood pipes to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans. It was built near the immense Chaux Forest to ensure its supply of wood for fuel. The Saltworks of Salins shelters an underground gallery from the 13th century including a hydraulic pump from the 19th century that still functions. The boiler house demonstrates the difficulty of the saltworkersโ€™ labour to collect the โ€œWhite Goldโ€.

Since 2009 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Christine for the postcard.

francia - salin les bains

Historic Site of Lyons

The long history of Lyons, which was founded by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. as the capital of the Three Gauls and has continued to play a major role in Europe’s political, cultural and economic development ever since, is vividly illustrated by its urban fabric and the many fine historic buildings from all periods.

Since 1998 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Christine for the postcard.

francia - lione

Strasbourg โ€“ Grande รฎle

Surrounded by two arms of the River Ill, the Grande Ile (Big Island) is the historic centre of the Alsatian capital. It has an outstanding complex of monuments within a fairly small area. The cathedral, the four ancient churches and the Palais Rohan โ€“ former residence of the prince-bishops โ€“ far from appearing as isolated monuments, form a district that is characteristic of a medieval town and illustrates Strasbourg’s evolution from the 15th to the 18th century.

Since 1988 it is a Unesco site.

Thanks to Oscar for the postcard.

francia - strasburgo